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P996 Clinical Efficacy and Predictive Factors for the Effectiveness of Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorption Apheresis Therapy for Ulcerative Colitis:A Retrospective Observational Single Center Study

F Kenta, S Kensuke, T Shun, W Ryosuke, N Yusuke, Y Ren, S Kentaro, S Itsuki, O Hisashi, M Takuto
Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis, Volume 18, Issue Supplement_1, January 2024, Page i1807,

Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorption Apheresis (GMA) is one of the valuable non-immunosuppressive therapies in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). However, due to the limited number of facilities where GMA can be performed, there are few reports on the combined effects of GMA and prednisolone (PSL), the frequency of GMA implementation or predictive factors for the effectiveness. In this study, we examined the combined effect of GMA and PSL as a remission induction therapy, the frequency of GMA and predictive factors.

A retrospective observational study was conducted at Kushiro Rosai Hospital. We analyzed clinical data from UC patients who underwent GMA from February 2015 to May 2023.

The study included 54 patients (30 males and 24 females), with a median age of 48 years and a median disease duration of 2 years. The median Lichtiger-CAI (L-CAI) was 8. There were 43 patients of pancolitis. There were 51 biologics-naïve patients and 3 biologics-experienced patients. Concomitant medications included 5-ASA agents in 21 patients, immunomodulators in 7 patients, and PSL in 31 patients. The median CRP was 1.19 mg/dl and the median albumin was 3.5 g/dl. Adverse events were observed in 3 patients (fatigue, dizziness, palpitations). The median number of GMA sessions was 10, with 33 patients undergoing twice weekly and 9 patients three times weekly. The clinical remission rate was 80% (43/54), and the clinical response rate was 89% (48/54), with a significant improvement in the median L-CAI from 8 to 3 before and after GMA (P<0.001). In the comparison between the PSL concomitant group and the non-PSL group, the clinical remission rate was 83.9% (26/31) in PSL group and 73.9% (17/23) in non-PSLgroup (P=0.369). The clinical response rate was significantly higher in the PSL group (87% (27/31)) than in non-PSL group (52.2% (12/23)) (P=0.004). There was no significant difference in the clinical remission/response rate between the group that underwent GMA twice a week (76.9% (30/39)/84.6% (33/39)) and three times a week (77.8% (7/9)/77.8% (7/9)). In univariate analysis, biologics-naïve was extracted as a contributing factor to clinical remission. The cumulative remission rate at 52 weeks was 72% overall. There was no significant difference in the cumulative remission rate between the PSL group (76.8%) and the non-PSL group (67.6%) (P=0.524). There was also no significant difference between the twice-weekly group (75%) and the three-times-weekly group (57.1%) (P=0.236). Conclusion GMA for UC was found to be useful and safely performed as a remission induction therapy. Concomitant use of PSL increased the clinical response rate. The frequency of GMA showed that three times per week was as effective as two times per week.

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Progress in the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients with Primary Non-Responsiveness

Yixue Liu, Xiaoping Tan

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic, nonspecific intestinal inflammatory disorders characterized by localized and systemic inflammation. The use of biologic agents in the treatment of IBD patients is widespread, and the occurrence of primary non-responsiveness during treatment is also significant. This review briefly summarizes the possible reasons for primary non-responsiveness in IBD patients, as well as predictive markers and current strategies to address it, providing a theoretical reference for early identification and management of IBD patients who do not respond to treatment.

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PP2-05 Clinical factors associated with relapse of ulcerative colitis after granulocyte-monocyte adsorption

poster at ISFA 2019 pag 155

Clinical factors correlated with early relapse of ulcerative colitis (UC) after granulocytemonocyte adsorption (GMA) were investigated. The data from 61 UC patients treated by a
series of 10 sessions of GMA were collected retrospectively. UC was relapsed in 14 patients
(23%) within 24 weeks after GMA. Compared with non-relapse group, relapse group had
significantly higher value of Seo index (SI) evaluated before and after GMA treatment.
Binomial logistic regression analysis showed that SI was significantly correlated with UC
relapse. Relapse rate was significantly different between groups divided according to SI. Seo
index may associated with early relapse of UC.

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Looking for predictive factors of clinical response to adsorptive granulocyte and monocyte apheresis in patients with ulcerative colitis: markers of response to GMA.

Yoko Yokoyama, Mikio Kawai, Ken Fukunaga, Koji Kamikozuru, Kazuko Nagase, Koji Nogami, Tomoaki Kono,Yoshio Ohda, Masaki Iimuro, Nobuyuki Hida, Shiro Nakamura, Hiroto Miwa and Takayuki Matsumoto, Yokoyama et al. BMC Gastroenterology 2013

In this study, patients with a short duration of UC and low cumulative PSL dose seemed to respond well to GMA. However, we found that the best responders were patients who received GMA immediately after a clinical relapse. Additionally, GMA was effective in patients with low WBC count at the first GMA session. The findings of this study should spare medical cost and reduce morbidity time for many patients, relevant for decision making in clinical settings.

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Multicenter prospective study for clinical and endoscopic efficacies of leukocytapheresis therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis

Yusuke Okuyama,Akira Andoh,Masakazu Nishishita,Ken Fukunaga,Koji Kamikozuru,Yoko Yokoyama,Yoshitaka Ueno,Shinji Tanaka,Hiroyuki Kuge,Syusaku Yoshikawa,Atsushi Sugahara,Emi Anami,Yoshinori Munetomo,Chiyuki Watanabe,Yoshihide Fujiyama &Takayuki Matsumoto Scand. J. Gastro. 2013, 48 (4), 412-418.

Objective. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and tolerability of leukocytapheresis (LCAP) and to investigate predictive factors for mucosal healing and a sustained clinical response in steroid-free and steroid-refractory patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). Material and methods. Thirty-one steroid-free or steroid-refractory patients with active UC were enrolled. Five or ten consecutive sessions of LCAP were performed in each patient. The efficacy and tolerability was then evaluated at weeks 3 and 6. Endoscopic examination was performed at week 6 to evaluate the mucosal healing, and the sustained cumulative response rate was evaluated at 12 months. Results. At week 6, the mean Mayo clinical activity score had decreased significantly from 8.0 to 4.6 in the steroid-free patients and from 8.3 to 3.9 in the steroid-refractory patients. Rachmilewitz’s endoscopic index had also decreased significantly from 9.1 to 6.1 in the steroid-free patients and from 10.0 to 5.7 in the steroid-refractory patients. Forty-seven percent of the steroid-free patients and 33% of the steroid-refractory patients achieved mucosal healing. The peripheral platelet counts had decreased significantly at weeks 3 and 6 in the mucosal healing group, compared with the non-mucosal healing group. The patients with a more than 15% platelet reduction had a significantly higher cumulative response rate, compared with the patients without a platelet reduction (p = 0.015). Conclusions. LCAP is beneficial for the induction of mucosal healing in steroid-free and steroid-refractory patients with UC. The degree of platelet reduction during LCAP might be a predictive marker for mucosal healing and a sustained clinical response.

Multicenter prospective study for clinical and endoscopic efficacies of leukocytapheresis therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis – PubMed (

Multicenter prospective study for clinical and endoscopic efficacies of leukocytapheresis therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology: Vol 48, No 4 (

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Predictive factors of clinical response in steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis treated with granulocyte-monocyte apheresis

Valeria D’Ovidio 1Donatella MeoAngelo ViscidoGiampaolo BresciPiero VerniaRenzo Caprilli, World J Gastroenterol. 2011 Apr 14;17(14):1831-5.

GMA may be a valid therapeutic option for steroid-dependent ulcerative colitis patients with mild-moderate disease and its clinical efficacy seems to persist for 12 months.

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Treating ulcerative colitis by Adacolumn therapeutic leucocytapheresis: clinical efficacy and safety based on surveillance of 656 patients in 53 centres in Japan

T Hibi 1Y SameshimaY SekiguchiY HisatomeF MaruyamaK MoriwakiC ShimaA R SaniabadiT Matsumoto

Dig Liver Dis. 2009 Aug;41(8):570-7. doi: 10.1016/j.dld.2008.11.020. Epub 2009 Feb 10.

Background/aim: The Adacolumn selectively depletes granulocytes and monocytes/macrophages, which are thought to be part of the immunopathogenesis of ulcerative colitis. This work aims at evaluating the safety and clinical efficacy of the Adacolumn in patients with ulcerative colitis in large population-based data sets. Methods: The Adacolumn post marketing surveillance in Japan was undertaken on 697 patients in 53 medical institutions over 7 years from 29 October 1999 to 28 October 2006. Clinical efficacy and safety data were provided by patients’ physicians in the participating institutes. Results: Safety was evaluated in all the 697 patients and efficacy in 656 patients. At entry, 92% of the patients were on salicylates, 74% on prednisolone and only 9% on immunomodulators. Approximately 40% of patients had severe ulcerative colitis and over 70% had ulcerative colitis that was refractory to conventional medications. There was no serious adverse events; mild to moderate adverse events were seen in 7.7% of the patients. The overall response (remission or significantly improved) was 77.3%; the remission rate based on clinical activity index was 71.1%, while 17.1% remained unchanged and 5.6% worsened. Patients were subgrouped into severe, moderate and mild ulcerative colitis based on clinical activity index (n=578), the response rates were 63.2%, 65.7% and 80.4%, respectively (P<0.001). Endoscopic assessment of efficacy showed very significant mucosal healing, Matts’ endoscopic index improved from 3.2+/-0.04 to 2.1+/-0.7 (n=219, P<0.001); reduction in prednisolone dose (P<0.0001); leucocyte count (n=358, P<0.0001) and C-reactive protein (n=314, P<0.0001). Patients who received > or =6 Adacolumn sessions (n=319) did better than patients who received < or =5 sessions (n=188, P=0.004) and multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that baseline granulocyte count was the strongest predictor of clinical response to Adacolumn (P=0.0191, odds ratio 1.151). Conclusion: This post marketing surveillance provides the largest ever efficacy and safety data on the Adacolumn therapeutic leucocytapheresis in patients with ulcerative colitis. As a non-pharmacologic treatment for patients with active ulcerative colitis most of whom were refractory to conventional drug therapy, the observed efficacy was very significant. Baseline granulocyte count was convincingly an independent predictor of clinical response.

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