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Induction Therapy With a Combination of Weekly Adalimumab Plus Intensive Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis and Failure of Conventional Agents, Biologics and Janus Kinase Inhibitor

Satoshi Tanida 1 2Keiji Ozeki 3Takahito Katano 3Mamoru Tanaka 3Takaya Shimura 3Eiji Kubota 3Hiromi Kataoka 3Takuya Takahama 2Shun Sasoh 2Yoshimasa Kubota 2Tesshin Ban 2Tomoaki Ando 2Makoto Nakamura 2Takashi Joh 2J Clin Med Res. 2023 Mar;15(3):181-186. doi: 10.14740/jocmr4887

Every-week (ew) adalimumab (ADA) maintenance following induction therapy with a standard induction regimen has recently been approved for use in Japan. The efficacy and safety of combination therapy with ew-ADA maintenance following standard induction regimen plus intensive granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) (two sessions/week) for the treatment of refractory ulcerative colitis (UC) displaying failure of conventional, biologics and Janus kinase inhibitor have not been evaluated previously. The present retrospective study evaluated the 10-week efficacy of this combination therapy among refractory UC patients. Six patients were given initial ADA combination therapy (ADA at 160 mg in week 0, ADA 80 mg in week 2, and 40 mg in week 4, followed by ew-ADA at 40 mg/week) plus intensive GMA. One patient (16.6%) achieved clinical remission and two patients (33.3%) achieved endoscopic improvement by week 10. After excluding two patients who discontinued treatment, mean full Mayo score (P = 0.14), endoscopic subscore (P = 0.18) and C-reactive protein level (P = 0.27) at 10 weeks were numerically decreased compared with baseline in the remaining four cases, although the differences were not significant. Use of ew-ADA maintenance following standard induction regimen plus intensive GMA appears unlikely to achieve satisfactory induction of clinical remission in UC patients for whom conventional agents, biologics and Janus kinase inhibitors have failed.

Induction Therapy With a Combination of Weekly Adalimumab Plus Intensive Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis and Failure of Conventional Agents, Biologics and Janus Kinase Inhibitor – PubMed (nih.gov)

Induction Therapy With a Combination of Weekly Adalimumab Plus Intensive Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis and Failure of Conventional Agents, Biologics and Janus Kinase Inhibitor – PMC (nih.gov)

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Induction of mucosal healing by intensive granulocyte/monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) without use of corticosteroids in patients with ulcerative colitis: long-term remission maintenance after induction by GMA and efficacy of GMA re-treatment upon relapse

Takumi Fukuchi Kousaku Kawashima Hideaki Koga Ran UtsunomiyaKohei Sugiyama Keiji Shimazu Takaaki Eguchi Shunji Ishihara J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2022 Mar;70(2):197-204. doi: 10.3164/jcbn.21-112. Epub 2021 Dec 25.

This study examined the long-term maintenance rate after inducing remission by intensive granulocyte/monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) without use of corticosteroids (CS) and GMA re-treatment efficacy in the same patients upon relapse with ulcerative colitis. Patients who achieved clinical remission and mucosal healing (MH) by first-time intensive GMA (first GMA) without CS were enrolled. The cumulative non-relapse survival rate up to week 156 was calculated. Patients with relapse during the maintenance period underwent second-time intensive GMA (second GMA) without CS. Clinical remission and MH rates following second GMA were compared to those following first GMA in the same patients. Of the 84 patients enrolled, 78 were followed until week 156 and 34 demonstrated relapse. The cumulative non-relapse survival rate by week 156 was 56.4%. Clinical remission and MH rates after second GMA did not differ from those after first GMA in the same patients (week 6: clinical remission, 100% vs 88.4%, p = 0.134; MH, 100% vs 84.8%, p = 0.074). In conclusion, MH induction by intensive GMA without use of CS in ulcerative colitis patients contributes to subsequent long-term clinical remission maintenance. GMA re-treatment efficacy was comparable to that of first GMA in the same patients who had relapse.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35400813/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8921725/

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Refractory Ulcerative Colitis Improved by Scheduled Combination Therapy of Vedolizumab and Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis

Masanao Nakamura 1Takeshi Yamamura 1Keiko Maeda 2Tsunaki Sawada 2Yasuyuki Mizutani 1Eri Ishikawa 1Ayako Ohashi 1Go Kajikawa 1Kazuhiro Furukawa 1Eizaburo Ohno 1Takashi Honda 1Hiroki Kawashima 1Masatoshi Ishigami 1Mitsuhiro Fujishiro 1

Intern Med. 2020 Dec 1;59(23):3009-3014. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.5302-20. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) is occasionally introduced as an alternative combination therapy after loss of response to biologics in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. However, there have been no reports of the concomitant use of vedolizumab (VDZ) and GMA for the initial induction of UC. A 20-year-old man with refractory UC was admitted for recrudescence. VDZ monotherapy had previously been introduced but was ineffective. Therefore, he received scheduled combination of VDZ and GMA and achieved clinical remission. The combination of two different approaches to inhibit the migration of leukocytes into the inflamed tissue led to satisfactory clinical outcomes.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32727993/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7759717/

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Combination Therapy With Tofacitinib Plus Intensive Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis as Induction Therapy for Refractory Ulcerative Colitis

Satoshi Tanida 1Keiji Ozeki 1Tsutomu Mizoshita 1Mika Kitagawa 1Takanori Ozeki 1Mamoru Tanaka 1Hirotada Nishie 1Takaya Shimura 1Eiji Kubota 1Hiromi Kataoka 1 , J Clin Med Res, 2020 Jan;12(1):36-40.

Based on these outcomes, combination therapy with TOF plus intensive GMA was well tolerated and may be useful for induction of clinical remission in patients with refractory UC.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32010420/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6968921/pdf/jocmr-12-036.pdf

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GS1-04 The apheresis guidelines for digestive diseases

Kazuaki Inoue, Tomoki Furuya, Yoko Yokoyama

The apheresis guidelines for digestive diseases are divided into the following four fields: acute liver failure (ALF); ascites; acute pancreatitis (AP); inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

IBD: Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD) are the major forms of I BD. Although their etiology is still not fully understood, activated leukocytes are significant factors in their exacerbations. In Japan, granulocyte and monocyte apheresis (GMA) and leukocytapheresis (LCAP) are approved for IBD treatment. They are recommended for remission induction in UC
patients with mild-to-moderate activity, whether steroid-resistant or -dependent. Although GMA is recommended for remission induction in colonic type CD refractory to conventional therapy, its efficacy is lower than in UC patients.

poster at ISFA 2019 pag 100-101

http://www.atalacia.com/isfa/data/abstract.pdf

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Shorter Relapse-Free Period after Leukocyte Removal Therapy in Younger than Older Patients with Ulcerative Colitis

Satoko Yamasaki 1Yasuhisa Sakata 2Hisako Yoshida 3Sinpei Shirai 1Yuichiro Tanaka 1Ryo Nakano 1Takahiro Yukimoto 1Nanae Tsuruoka 1Ryo Shimoda 1Makoto Fukuda 1Motoaki Miyazono 1Yuji Ikeda 1Ryuichi Iwakiri 1Keizo Anzai 1Kazuma Fujimoto 1 , Digestion. 2019;100(4):247-253.

Background: Leukocyte removal therapy (LRT) is an effective treatment for active ulcerative colitis (UC). The present study was performed to evaluate the relapse-free period after LRT and identify risk factors for relapse. Methods: In total, 94 patients who underwent first-time LRT for remission of moderate to severe UC from April 2004 to March 2016 were enrolled in the present study. The patients were randomly assigned to one of 2 treatments: leukocytapheresis (LCAP; n = 43) or granulocyte and monocyte/macrophage adsorptive apheresis (GMA; n = 51). The 5-year cumulative relapse-free rate and risk factors for relapse were evaluated. Results: The therapeutic response rate was 82% for GMA and 70% for LCAP without a statistically significant difference. The 5-year relapse-free rate was 34.7% in the LRT group. The 5-year relapse-free rate in patients aged > 40 years was 49.9%, which was significantly higher than that in patients aged ≤40 years (22.9%, p < 0.01). The relapse-free period was longer in the older than younger patients. The relapse-free period was longer in the ≥40- than <40-year-old patients (1,197 vs. 441 days, respectively; p = 0.03). Conclusions: The relapse-free period after LRT was examined in patients with UC, and 34.7% of patients achieved clinical remission within a 5-year period. The risk factor for early relapse after LRT was younger age. In conclusion, LRT might be a therapeutic option for maintenance of remission in patients with UC, especially patients aged ≥40 years.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30540999/

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