Iago Rodríguez-Lago 1, Fiorella Cañete 2, Elena Guerra-Del-Río 3, Claudia Herrera-deGuise 4, Eva Iglesias 5, Eduardo Leo 6, Yamile Zabana 7, Manuel Barreiro-de Acosta 8, Daniel Ginard 9, José Luis Cabriada 10
Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2024 Jan 23:S0210-5705(24)00022-0. doi: 10.1016/j.gastrohep.2024.01.004. Online ahead of print.
[Article in English, Spanish]

Objective: Granulocyte-monocyte apheresis (GMA) has shown to be safe and effective in treating ulcerative colitis (UC), also in combination with biologics. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combining GMA after primary non-response (PNR) or loss of response (LOR) to tofacitinib (TOFA) in patients with UC.

Patients and methods: Retrospective study including all patients with refractory UC who received GMA plus TOFA. Efficacy was assessed 1 and 6 months after finishing GMA by partial Mayo score, C-reactive protein (CRP) and fecal calprotectin (FC). Descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests were used in the statistical analysis.

Results: Twelve patients were included (median 46 years [IQR, 37-58]; 67% female; 67% E3). Patients were mostly receiving TOFA 10mg bid (75%), and 33% also concomitant steroids at baseline. Median partial Mayo score at baseline was 7 (IQR, 5-7), and it decreased to a median of 2 (IQR, 0-3) and 0 (IQR, 0-3) after 1 and 6 months (p=0.027 and 0.020, respectively), while no differences were found in CRP and FC. Clinical remission was achieved by 6 patients both at 1 (50%) and 6 months (67%). CF values<250mg/kg were achieved by 2 and 4 patients at 1 and 6 months (data available in 5 and 7 patients, respectively). No patient required dose-escalation of TOFA, and one patient was able to de-escalate the drug. No patient required colectomy and all patients under steroids were able to stop them. Conclusion: The combination of GMA and TOFA can be effective in selected cases of UC after PNR or LOR to this drug