Scientific corner

Use of granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis in dermatology (Review)

Laura Gnesotto 1Guido Mioso 1Mauro Alaibac 1

Exp Ther Med 2022 Jun 24;24(2):536. doi: 10.3892/etm.2022.11463. eCollection 2022 Aug. DOI: 10.3892/etm.2022.11463

Adsorptive granulocyte and monocyte apheresis (GMA) is an extracorporeal treatment that selectively removes activated myeloid lineage leukocytes from peripheral blood. This technique consists of a column with cellulose acetate beads as absorptive leukocytapheresis carriers, and was initially used to treat ulcerative colitis. A literature search was conducted to extract recently published studies about the clinical efficacy of GMA in patients with different skin disorders, reporting information on demographics, clinical symptoms, treatment and clinical course. Dermatological diseases, in which GMA has been performed, include generalized pustular psoriasis, pyoderma gangrenosum, palmoplantar pustular psoriasis, Behcet’s disease, Sweet’s syndrome, adult-onset Still’s disease, impetigo herpetiformis, reactive arthritis, acne and hidradenitis suppurativa syndrome, cutaneous allergic vasculitis and systemic lupus erythematosus. In most patients, GMA was started after the failure of conventional therapeutic options and it was helpful in the majority of cases. Based on the information summarized, GMA could be considered a valid non-pharmacological treatment option for patients with several dermatological conditions, which are difficult to treat with other pharmacological preparations.

 PASH syndrome; cutaneous allergic vasculitis; granulocyte and monocyte apheresis; neutrophilic dermatoses; reactive arthritis; systemic lupus erythematosus.

Scientific corner

Improvement of adult Still’s disease with granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis

T Kanekura 1K TerasakiY HigashiN YoshiiK KawaharaI MaruyamaT Kanzaki

Clin Exp Dermatol 2004 Jul;29(4):410-2. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2230.2004.01502.x.

Adult Still’s disease is characterized by a high spiking fever, transient skin rash, and polyarthralgia. Joint pain is one of the major complaints and is often intractable. We assessed the efficacy of granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis (GCAP) therapy for treating arthralgia in adult Still’s disease. A 33-year-old woman with adult Still’s disease who suffered from recalcitrant arthralgia resistant to systemic corticosteroids was treated with GCAP therapy. She underwent five GCAP treatments at 5-day intervals. Her joint pain responded dramatically to the GCAP therapy, suggesting that GCAP may be useful for treating adult Still’s disease. We present a detailed description of the patient and this novel therapy.

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