Scientific corner

Immunoregulatory Effects of Adsorptive Granulocyte and Monocyte Apheresis in Patients with Drug Refractory Crohn’s Disease

Kazuko Nagase 1Ken FukunagaShinichiro KashiwamuraTomoaki KonoKoji KamikozuruYoko YokoyamaNobuyuki HidaYoshio OhdaNaohisa TakedaKoji YoshidaMasaki IimuroRisa KikuyamaKyoichi KatoHiroto MiwaTakayuki Matsumoto, Ther Apher Dial. 2011 Aug;15(4):367-73.

In Japan, adsorptive granulocyte/monocyte apheresis (GMA) is an approved treatment option in patients with active Crohn’s disease (CD). However, there is inadequate knowledge regarding the mechanism(s) of therapeutic effects of this non-pharmacologic treatment strategy. Further, recently we have been interested in the regulatory T-cell (Treg) profile which has an essential immunoregulatory function. Thirteen CD patients were treated with a single GMA session. The mean CD activity index (CDAI) and duration of CD were 218.5 and 9.8 years, respectively. Eight healthy volunteers participated as a control group. From CD patients, whole blood was taken immediately before and after the GMA session directly from the GMA column inflow and outflow lines. Broad spectrum serum key cytokines and chemokines were measured by suspension-array and ELISA. At baseline, almost all assayed inflammatory cytokines were significantly elevated in CD patients. Treg-associated cytokines including IL-10 (P < 0.02) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 (P < 0.03), were higher in the GMA column outflow vs. inflow. In contrast, the Th1/Th2 balance, defined as IFN-γ/IL-10 was lower during hemofiltration (P = 0.05), potentially due to an elevated IL-10 (P < 0.02) because an elevation of pro-inflammatory IFN-γ (Th1) was not observed at the GMA column outflow. A single GMA session had a significant impact on the Treg profile. Treg-related cytokines like IL-10 and TGF-β1 in the blood returning to the patients from the GMA column outflow were elevated, while pro-inflammatory cytokines like IFN-γ were not. This action of GMA is potentially very interesting in patients with immune disorders, like CD patients.

Scientific corner

Demonstration of low-regulatory CD25High+CD4+ and high-pro-inflammatory CD28-CD4+ T-Cell subsets in patients with ulcerative colitis: modified by selective granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis

Yoko Yokoyama 1Ken FukunagaYoshihiro FukudaKatsuyuki TozawaKoji KamikozuruKunio OhnishiTakeshi KusakaTadashi KosakaNobuyuki HidaYoshio OhdaHiroto MiwaTakayuki Matsumoto Dig Dis Sci 2007 Oct;52(10):2725-31. doi: 10.1007/s10620-006-9560-z. Epub 2007 Apr 3.

Low-CD25(High+)CD4(+), a subset of regulatory CD25(+)CD4(+) T cells and high-inflammatory CD28(-)CD4(+) T cells can exacerbate ulcerative colitis (UC). This study sought to investigate the frequency of CD25(High+)CD4(+) and CD28(-)CD4(+) T cells in patients with UC and the changes in these cells during Adacolumn granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis (GMA). Subjects were 12 patients with active UC, 11 with quiescent UC, and 14 healthy volunteers (HVs). The mean clinical activity index was 15.7 +/- 2.2 in active UC and 4.5 +/- 1.1 in quiescent UC. Peripheral blood samples were stained with CD4, CD25, and CD28 antibodies for flow cytometry. Patients with active UC received GMA and blood samples were examined before and after the first GMA session. Patients with active UC (P < 0.04) or quiescent UC (P < 0.02) had a higher percentage of CD28(-)D4(+)T cells compared with HVs, while the percentage of CD28(+)CD4(+) T cells was lower in both UC groups compared with HVs (P = 0.03 and P < 0.02). Patients with active UC had a lower percentage of CD25(High+)CD4(+)T cells compared with quiescent UC patients (P < 0.001). A significant increase in CD25(High+)CD4(+) T cells was associated with GMA (P < 0.03). Low CD25(High+)CD4(+) and high CD28(-)CD4(+) are prominent features in UC. The increase in CD25(High+)CD4(+) T cells induced by GMA should contribute to improved immune function. Additional studies are warranted, since a low frequency of CD25(High+)CD4(+) (-) and a high frequency of CD28(-)CD4(+) (-) expressing T cells might be a predictor of clinical response to GMA.

Contact UsFor more information

Contact Us