Intensive Frequent Granulocyte Adsorptive Apheresis Therapy for Acute Fulminant Ulcerative Colitis: Two Consecutive Case Reports
Granulocyte/monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) therapy is a treatment method for ulcerative colitis (UC). Twice-weekly GMA regimens are usually administered to treat severe UC. Although GMA efficacy is considered frequency-dependent, there is no uniformly accepted optimal GMA regimen, and there is insufficient evidence regarding optimal GMA therapy frequency for acute fulminant UC. Case 1 was of a 33-year-old man, and case 2 was of a 20-year-old woman. They were diagnosed with acute fulminant UC and treated with steroid therapy, but exhibited exacerbated UC, and their conditions worsened. We, therefore, initiated intensive frequent GMA therapy (conducted 10-11 times during a 13-day period). In both cases, remission was achieved within two weeks of therapy induction. Herein, we describe two consecutive cases in which rapid remission of acute fulminant UC was achieved without adverse events using intensive frequent GMA therapy. These cases suggest that intensive frequent GMA therapy might induce rapid remission in acute fulminant UC cases and may be more effective than twice-weekly GMA regimens.
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