A case of refractory immune checkpoint inhibitor-induced colitis improved by the treatment with vedolizumab and granulocyte-monocyte apheresis combination therapy
A 68-year-old man developed immune-related adverse event (irAE) colitis after the initiation of nivolumab and ipilimumab combination therapy for malignant melanoma. We diagnosed the patient with grade 3 irAE colitis and started prednisolone (1 mg/kg/day). Although the symptom improved once, it worsened along with the tapering of prednisolone. Therefore, we started infliximab (IFX). However, symptoms did not improve after two doses of IFX. We discontinued IFX and initiated vedolizumab (VED). Because VED alone did not improve the symptom, we started granulocyte-monocyte apheresis (GMA). Twelve weeks after the onset, the colitis was in remission. Therefore, in addition to vedolizumab, GMA may be considered in cases refractory to treatment.
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