Clinical Effectiveness of Selective Granulocyte, Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis with the Adacolumn(®) Device in Ulcerative Colitis.
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine whether selective adsorptive granulocyte and monocyte apheresis (GMA apheresis) using the Adacolumn device can effectively reduce clinical symptoms and endoscopic signs of inflammation in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). A comprehensive search for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published up to May 2008 was performed. Each study’s quality was evaluated, and the data reported in the results were abstracted. Pooled relative risk (RR) estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the fixed-effects model. Heterogeneity was quantified statistically and explained by the variation in the trial design. Seven RCTs including 594 patients were found, and six RCTs on active UC contributed to the main analyses. In half of the trials, GMA apheresis was compared to steroids. Only one trial was fully blinded. A response or remission after 6 weeks was achieved more often in patients treated with GMA apheresis (RR 1.42; CI 1.15-1.75). Also, after 12 weeks, GMA apheresis produced significantly higher remission rates (RR 1.41; CI 1.08-1.83), but long-term data were sparse. In the trials that compared GMA apheresis and steroids (n = 220 patients), side effects were much less frequent in the GMA apheresis groups (RR 0.19; CI 0.11-0.34). Homogeneous evidence from seven RCTs shows that GMA apheresis induces a clinical remission in a higher proportion of UC patients as compared to conventional medical therapy.
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