Yuki Noguchi 1, Keiji Shimazu 2, Teruhiko Totani 1, Kazumasa Komura 3, Atsuo Tanaka 2
Comparison of adsorption efficiency of leukocytes in single needle GMA with or without PSL treatment in patients with active ulcerative colitis
Granulocyte monocyte adsorption (GMA) is considered one of the modalities for the remission induction of ulcerative colitis (UC). We previously reported that single-needle GMA (SN-GMA) could simplify the GMA. In the present study, the efficiency of SNGMA was examined according to the administration of corticosteroids (PSL) in UC patients. Blood sample were taken at proximal and distal side of the column during the SN-GMA treatment. Disease activity score (partial Mayo score: pMayo score) before and after the SN-GMA was investigated. The data of 18 patients with active UC (11 and 7 patients with PSL naïve and PSL use groups, respectively) treated with SN-GMA was analyzed. The mean pMayo score before the GMA treatment was comparable between the PSL naïve group (p = 0.26), whereas the score after the GMA treatment was significantly lower in PSL naïve group (0.8 + 0.6) than in PSL use group (3.0 + 2.1) (p = 0.04). Patients achieving the clinical remission were more observed in the PSL naive group (90.9%) than in the PSL use group (42.9%) (p = 0.047). The adsorption efficiency in the PSL naïve and PSL use groups were as follows: leukocytes (34.45 ± 7.43% vs 23.14 ± 7.56%: p = 0.008), granulocytes (41.74 ± 10.07% vs 27.99 ± 15.11%: p = 0.04), monocytes (32.59 ± 24.07% vs 33.16 ± 24.18%: p = 0.95), and lymphocytes (-1.87 ± 18.17% vs -3.79 ± 22.52%: p = 0.84), with a significant difference of the absorption efficiency in leukocytes and granulocytes. These data collectively indicate that the SN-GMA can be applied for the remission induction to active UC patients with a higher clinical remission rate in PSL naïve patients compared to PSL use patients.
Generalized Pustular Psoriasis in Pregnancy: Current and Future Treatments
Mariko Seishima 1 2, Kento Fujii 3, Yoko Mizutani 3 Am J Clin Dermatol 2022 Jun 15. doi: 10.1007/s40257-022-00698-9.
Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a rare, severe neutrophilic skin disease characterized by sudden widespread eruption of sterile pustules with or without systemic symptoms. GPP may be life threatening in cases with severe complications such as cardiovascular failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and serious infections. Impetigo herpetiformis (IH) is a GPP that is induced and exacerbated by pregnancy and occurs most frequently during the last trimester. IH may result in poor or fatal neonatal outcomes, including placental insufficiency, fetal abnormalities, stillbirth, and early neonatal death. Most patients have prompt remission in the postpartum period; however, earlier appearance and more severe symptoms are observed during subsequent pregnancies. Appropriate treatment and close monitoring of the mother and fetus are vital for the management of patients with IH. Particular attention is required for the management of patients with IH to avoid an influence on the fetus. However, data regarding treatments for GPP in pregnant women are sparse. Over the last decade, many patients with IH have been treated with cyclosporine, corticosteroids, tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors, interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-12/23 inhibitors, and granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis (GMA). GMA may be an important option for patients with IH as it is presently one of the safest available therapeutic options, but there have been no reports to fully confirm its safety in pregnant patients with GPP. Alternatively, based on recent advances in the understanding of the role of the IL-36 axis in the pathogenesis of GPP, biologic agents that target the IL-36 pathway may demonstrate promising efficacy in IH.
Exploratory Study of the Effectiveness of Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis Before Initiation of Steroids in Patients With Active Ulcerative Colitis (EXPECT Study): A Multicenter Prospective Clinical Trial
Kazuki Kakimoto 1, Minoru Matsuura 2, Takumi Fukuchi 3, Hitoshi Hongo 4, Tsuguhiro Kimura 4, Nobuo Aoyama 5, Yorihide Okuda 6, Kazuki Aomatsu 7, Noriko Kamata 8, Yoko Yokoyama 9, Chiemi Mizuno 10, Takuya Inoue 1, Takako Miyazaki 1, Shiro Nakamura 1, Kazuhide Higuchi 1, Hiroshi Nakase 11 , Crohns Colitis 360. 2020 Sep 23;2(4):otaa073.
GMA shows effectiveness in inducing remission in UC patients not receiving steroid.
Pyoderma gangrenosum in an ulcerative colitis patient during treatment with vedolizumab responded favorably to adsorptive granulocyte and monocyte apheresis
Tomoyoshi Shibuya,Keiichi Haga,Michio Saeki,Mayuko Haraikawa,Hitoshi Tsuchihashi,Koki Okahara,Osamu Nomura,Hirofumi Fukushima,Takashi Murakami Dai Ishikawa,Shigaku Ikeda,Akihito Nagahara
J Clin Apher. 2020 Sep;35(5):488-492. doi: 10.1002/jca.21821. Epub 2020 Aug 7.
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an extra-intestinal skin lesion in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as is erythema nodosum. Vedolizumab (VED) is a monoclonal antibody that targets α4β7 integrin and has an intestinal selective mechanism. Despite good therapeutic effects on colitis, the effect on extra-intestinal manifestations (EIMs) remains unclear. Here we report a case of ulcerative colitis complicated by PG during treatment with VED, which was successfully treated with prednisolone in combination with adsorptive granulocyte and monocyte apheresis (GMA). The patient was a 50-year-old woman with a past medical history of extensive ulcerative colitis managed by golimumab (GLM). She developed flare symptoms due to loss of response to GLM, and treatment was switched to VED. Her gastrointestinal symptoms were improved with VED treatment with less frequent bowel movements. However, infiltrative erythema with pain appeared on the right lower leg and right knee, and expanded and gradually ulcerated. Her skin lesions were treated with corticosteroid, but showed poor improvement. Therefore, granulocyte and monocyte apheresis (GMA) treatment was administered in combination with prednisolone. After 3 months, the ulcer gradually improved, and at the time of this writing, the eruptions were nearly replaced by epithelial tissue. This case study showed that patients with UC and EIMS may respond well to combination therapy of VED and GMA. GMA has a very favorable safety profile. On the other hand, the causal connection between VED and PG is still unclear. We believe that a combination therapy involving VED and GMA in IBD patients with EIMs warrants consideration.
Clinical Effectiveness of Selective Granulocyte, Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis with the Adacolumn(®) Device in Ulcerative Colitis.
Brigitte Habermalz 1, Stefan Sauerland, Dig Dis Sci. 2010 May;55(5):1421-8.
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine whether selective adsorptive granulocyte and monocyte apheresis (GMA apheresis) using the Adacolumn device can effectively reduce clinical symptoms and endoscopic signs of inflammation in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). A comprehensive search for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published up to May 2008 was performed. Each study’s quality was evaluated, and the data reported in the results were abstracted. Pooled relative risk (RR) estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the fixed-effects model. Heterogeneity was quantified statistically and explained by the variation in the trial design. Seven RCTs including 594 patients were found, and six RCTs on active UC contributed to the main analyses. In half of the trials, GMA apheresis was compared to steroids. Only one trial was fully blinded. A response or remission after 6 weeks was achieved more often in patients treated with GMA apheresis (RR 1.42; CI 1.15-1.75). Also, after 12 weeks, GMA apheresis produced significantly higher remission rates (RR 1.41; CI 1.08-1.83), but long-term data were sparse. In the trials that compared GMA apheresis and steroids (n = 220 patients), side effects were much less frequent in the GMA apheresis groups (RR 0.19; CI 0.11-0.34). Homogeneous evidence from seven RCTs shows that GMA apheresis induces a clinical remission in a higher proportion of UC patients as compared to conventional medical therapy.
A Case Report of Steroid and Immunosuppressant-resistant Pyoderma Gangrenosum Successfully Treated by Granulocytapheresis
Abstract: Granulocytapheresis (GCAP) therapy is a newly developed therapeutic modality for inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by the appearance of erythematous macules and plaques with pustules or nodules that rapidly progress to ragged, undermined multiple ulcers. We attempted GCAP therapy in a patient with PG resistant to prednisolone and various other immunosuppressants. GCAP therapy was initiated at three- to four-day intervals and a good response from all skin lesions, with eventual total epithelialization, was observed after 10 sessions of this therapy. Furthermore, circulating levels of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-8 (IL-8) and granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) also decreased after the GCAP therapy. Our results suggest that GCAP is a safe and useful tool for the treatment of intractable PG, and that IL-8 and G-CSF are likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of PG.
Treatment of patients with acute ulcerative colitis: conventional corticosteroid therapy (MP) versus granulocytapheresis (GMA): a pilot study
Granulocytapheresis represents a new and promising approach to active ulcerative colitis. In fact, even if more expensive than conventional corticosteroids, it seems slightly more effective and, above all, with side effects much less frequent and serious. Thus, granulocytapheresis cycles could be prolonged or repeated, if necessary, in more severe diseases without significant risks for the patients.
Efficacy of granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis for three cases of refractory pyoderma gangrenosum
Pyoderma gangrenosum presents with chronic skin ulcers and is histologically characterized by neutrophil infiltration throughout the dermis. It is also occasionally associated with ulcerative colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease, against which granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis (GCAP) has recently shown remarkable efficacy. We performed GCAP on three refractory cases of pyoderma gangrenosum with painful bilateral leg ulcers and hereby report the results obtained. Patient 1 was a 43-year-old woman with a four-year history of recurrent painful skin ulcers treated with prednisolone and cyclosporine. Patient 2 was a 29-year-old woman who had been suffering from pyoderma gangrenosum with severe pain for two weeks, associated with an 11-year history of ulcerative colitis treated with prednisolone and salazosulfapyridine. Patient 3 was a 63-year-old man with a three-year history of recurrent ulcers with pain, suffering from rheumatoid arthritis treated with prednisolone and cyclophosphamide. The sizes of the lesions were reduced in all three patients following a weekly GCAP treatment for 10 or 11 consecutive weeks, and the re-epithelialization of ulcers were additionally observed in two patients. The pain disappeared dramatically in all three patients following two sessions of GCAP therapy. No adverse effects were observed for up to at least eight months after treatment. We therefore considered GCAP as one effective alternative to currently existing therapies, with regards to refractory cases of pyoderma gangrenosum.
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