Akira Andoh,Tomoyuki Tsujikawa,Osamu Inatomi,Yasuyuki Deguchi,Kazunori Hata,Katsuyuki Kitoh,Masaya Sasaki,Keiichi Mitsuyama,Yoshihide Fujiyama Therap Apher Dial(2005) 9, 2; 23-127, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1774-9987.2005.00229.x
Suppression of Inflammatory Cytokine Secretion by Granulocyte/Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis in Active Ulcerative Colitis
To elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in the therapeutic effects of granulocyte/monocyte adsorption apheresis, changes were investigated in the cytokine responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) before and after granulocyte/monocyte adsorptive apheresis in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. Four patients with active UC were enrolled. All patients responded to granulocyte/monocyte adsorptive apheresis. A total of 20 sessions of four patients were analyzed. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from peripheral venous blood within 5min before and after each session of granulocyte/monocyte adsorptive apheresis. The cells were stimulated with interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α for 24h, and the secreted IL-8 and IL-6 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). IL-1β-induced IL-8 and IL-6 secretion was significantly decreased after granulocyte/monocyte adsorptive apheresis. TNF-α-induced IL-8 secretion was also significantly decreased after apheresis, but there was no significant difference in TNF-α-induced IL-6 secretion (P = 0.052). In conclusion, granulocyte/monocyte adsorptive apheresis down-regulates the IL-1β- and TNF-α-induced inflammatory responses in PBMC. The induction of hyporesponsiveness to pro-inflammatory cytokines may be an important factor mediating the clinical effects of granulocyte/macrophage adsorptive apheresis in UC patients.
Anti-inflammatory effect of granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis in a rabbit model of immune arthritis
Inflammation 2002 Aug;26(4):199-205. doi: 10.1023/a:1016523914161.
In active rheumatoid arthritis, large numbers of granulocytes and macrophages are found in the inflamed joints. These leucocytes can promote inflammation and tissue injury by releasing inflammatory cytokines, proteinases and oxygen derivatives. To see if granulocyte and monocyte (GM) depletion produces anti-inflammatory effect, GM adsorption apheresis was performed in rabbits with immune arthritis by using a column (Adacolumn) filled with cellulose diacetate beads (G-1 beads) as adsorptive carriers which selectively adsorb CD11b positive GMs. Injection of ovalbumin into the knee joints of ovalbumin-sensitized rabbits caused a marked increase in peripheral blood leucocytes, joint swelling, increased granulocyte adhesion to G-1 beads and elevated TNF-alpha production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). When rabbits received a 60 min adsorption apheresis, there was suppression of CD11b positive leucocyte infiltration into the joint and reduced joint swelling (P < 0.01) compared with controls. Additionally, there was a significant (p < 0.01) suppression of TNF-alpha production by PBMC in the post column blood. These results suggest that GM depletion may serve as a non-pharmacological strategy to modify inflammatory disorders.
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