Iizuka M, Etou T, Sagara S. World J Gastroenterol 2022; 28(34): 4959-4972 DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v28.i34.4959
Efficacy of cytapheresis in patients with ulcerative colitis showing insufficient or lost response to biologic therapy
For the optimal management of refractory ulcerative colitis (UC), secondary loss of response (LOR) and primary non-response to biologics is a critical issue. This article aimed to summarize the current literature on the use of cytapheresis (CAP) in patients with UC showing a poor response or LOR to biologics and discuss its advantages and limitations. Further, we summarized the efficacy of CAP in patients with UC showing insufficient response to thiopurines or immunomodulators (IM). Eight studies evaluated the efficacy of CAP in patients with UC with inadequate responses to thiopurines or IM. There were no significant differences in the rate of remission and steroid-free remission between patients exposed or not exposed to thiopurines or IM. Three studies evaluated the efficacy of CAP in patients with UC showing an insufficient response to biologic therapies. Mean remission rates of biologics exposed or unexposed patients were 29.4 % and 44.2%, respectively. Fourteen studies evaluated the efficacy of CAP in combination with biologics in patients with inflammatory bowel disease showing a poor response or LOR to biologics. The rates of remission/response and steroid-free remission in patients with UC ranged 32%-69% (mean: 48.0%, median: 42.9%) and 9%-75% (mean: 40.7%, median: 38%), respectively. CAP had the same effectiveness for remission induction with or without prior failure on thiopurines or IM but showed little benefit in patients with UC refractory to biologics. Although heterogeneity existed in the efficacy of the combination therapy with CAP and biologics, these combination therapies induced clinical remission/response and steroid-free remission in more than 40% of patients with UC refractory to biologics on average. Given the excellent safety profile of CAP, this combination therapy can be an alternative therapeutic strategy for UC refractory to biologics. Extensive prospective studies are needed to understand the efficacy of combination therapy with CAP and biologics.
S-05-06 Efficacy of Adsorptive Granulocyte/Monocyte Apheresis in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients Experiencing Loss of Response to Infliximab (poster)
To our knowledge this is the first report of adding GMA to restore the efficacy of infliximab in patients with LoR. However, the efficacy outcomes following addition of a non-drug GMA to infliximab is potentially very interesting in therapeutic settings and should inspire further studies
Novel Prognostic Biomarkers of Mucosal Healing in Ulcerative Colitis Patients Treated With Anti-TNF: Neutrophil-toLymphocyte Ratio and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio
Lorenzo Bertani 1, Federico Rossari 2, Brigida Barberio 3, Maria Giulia Demarzo 4, Gherardo Tapete 1, Eleonora Albano 1, Giovanni Baiano Svizzero 1, Linda Ceccarelli 5, Maria Gloria Mumolo 5, Chiara Brombin 6, Nicola de Bortoli 1, Massimo Bellini 1, Santino Marchi 1, Giorgia Bodini 4, Edoardo Savarino 3, Francesco Costa 5
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2020 Sep 18;26(10):1579-1587. doi: 10.1093/ibd/izaa062.
Background: Anti-tumor necrosis factor drugs (anti-TNFs) are widely used for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). However, many patients experience loss of response during the first year of therapy. An early predictor of clinical remission and mucosal healing is needed. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are markers of subclinical inflammation poorly evaluated in UC patients treated with anti-TNFs. The aim of this multicenter study was to evaluate whether NLR and PLR could be used as prognostic markers of anti-TNF treatment response. Methods: Patients with UC who started anti-TNF treatment in monotherapy were evaluated. Patients with concomitant corticosteroid treatment ≥20 mg were excluded. We calculated NLR, PLR, and fecal calprotectin before treatment and after induction. The values of NLR and PLR were correlated with clinical remission and mucosal healing at the end of follow-up (54 weeks) using the Mann-Whitney U test and then multivariate analysis was conducted. Results: Eighty-eight patients were included. Patients who reached mucosal healing after 54 weeks of therapy displayed lower levels of both baseline NLR and PLR (P = 0.0001 and P = 0.04, respectively); similar results were obtained at week 8 (P = 0.0001 and P = 0.001, respectively). Patients who presented with active ulcers at baseline endoscopic evaluation had higher baseline NLR and PLR values compared with those without detected ulcers (P = 0.002 and P = 0.0007, respectively). Conclusions: Both NLR and PLR showed a promising role as early predictors of therapeutic response to anti-TNF therapy in UC patients. If confirmed in larger studies, classification and regression trees proposed in this article could be useful to guide clinical decisions regarding anti-TNF treatment.
Pyoderma gangrenosum associated with ulcerative colitis: A recalcitrant case responded to adalimumab with granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis
J Dermatol. 2020 May;47(5):e213-e215. doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.15303. Epub 2020 Mar 11.
Case Report: Combination Therapy With Granulocyte Apheresis and Infliximab for Refractory Crohn’s Disease
P. Gonzalez Carro, F. Perez Roldan, O. Roncero Garcıa Escribano,R. Lafuente, M.L. Legaz Huidobro, and A. Amigo Echenagusıa
Journal of Clinical Apheresis 21: 249–251 (2006)
To our knowledge, no cases of combined therapy with infliximab and granulocyte apheresis have been previously reported. Our results suggest that this combined therapy is a possible alternative to treat CD patients in the event of loss of response to infliximab.
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