Scientific corner

S-05-06 Efficacy of Adsorptive Granulocyte/Monocyte Apheresis in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients Experiencing Loss of Response to Infliximab (poster)

ISFA-E-ISFA 2021

To our knowledge this is the first report of adding GMA to restore the efficacy of infliximab in patients with LoR.  However, the efficacy outcomes following addition of a non-drug GMA to infliximab is potentially very interesting in therapeutic settings and should inspire further studies

https://www.eventclass.org/contxt_eisfa2021/online-program/session?s=S-05

Scientific corner

Rapidly Progressing Aseptic Abscesses in a Patient with Ulcerative Colitis

Yoshiharu Yamaguchi 1Marie Nakagawa 1Shoko Nakagawa 1Kazuhiro Nagao 1Satoshi Inoue 1Tomoya Sugiyama 1Shinya Izawa 1Yasutaka Hijikata 1Masahide Ebi 1Yasushi Funaki 1Naotaka Ogasawara 1Makoto Sasaki 1Kunio Kasugai 1 Intern Med  2021 Mar 1;60(5):725-730. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.5733-20. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Aseptic abscesses (AAs) are extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD-associated AAs are rare in Japan. We treated a 45-year-old man with ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated AAs. During remission, multiple progressive abscesses were detected in the spleen; he underwent splenectomy because an infectious disease was suspected. Although his condition improved temporarily after splenectomy, a large liver abscess was noted, and a diagnosis of UC-associated AAs was made. Granulocytapheresis (GCAP) and infliximab (IFX) administration resolved the abscess. This is the first reported case of UC-associated AAs in a Japanese patient treated by splenectomy, GCAP, and IFX.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32999240/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7990631/

Scientific corner

EO5-01 A case of pustular psoriasis deteriorated during the second pregnancy was successfully treated with intensive GMA and certolizumab pegol

Asumi Fujii, Yuki Hattori, Miho Kawamura, Yoko Mizutani, En Shu, Mariko Seishima

poster at ISFA 2019 pag 141-142

A 31-year-old woman with the IL36RN gene mutation developed psoriasis at 3 years old. As she had pustular psoriasis at 16 years old, she was treated with cyclosporine (Cys), resulting in remission at 20 years old. Afterwards, she had been maintained by topical treatment for long years.During the first pregnancy at the age of 29, she developed pustular psoriasis at 29 weeks
of gestation. She received one course of granulocyte / monocyte adsorption apheresis (GMA) with Cys and prednisolone (PSL), and gave birth to a girl at 33 weeks of gestation. The baby was a low birth weight child, but is healthy and has no problems in growth and development until now. However, the patient did not sufficiently improve symptoms after delivery. We thus started the treatment with infliximab (IFX) BS at 2 months postpartum. During the second pregnancy at the age of 30, we continued the IFX-BS administration. She had erythema and pustules rapidly enlarged from 23 weeks of pregnancy. Oral administration of PSL and GMA were started. However, we switched the therapy to intensive GMA (twice in a week), because the effect was insufficient. Initially, administration of IFX-BS was scheduled to end at 30 weeks of gestation, but due to unstable symptoms, we considered it was necessary to use another biologics even after 30 weeks of gestation. We switched to non-placental certolizumab pegol (CTZ) from 26 weeks of gestation and continued the administration until delivery, and she gave birth to a girl at 35 weeks of gestation. Although the baby was a low birth weight child, there was no physical abnormality and the baby was discharged after gaining weight. After delivery, administration of CTZ was discontinued and the PSL dose was gradually reduced. However,reintroduction of biologics is under consideration, because erythema and pustules still remain.

http://www.atalacia.com/isfa/data/abstract.pdf

Scientific corner

Updated treatment strategies for intestinal Behçet’s disease

Yong Eun Park 1Jae Hee Cheon 1 2 , Korean J Intern Med. 2018 Jan;33(1):1-19.

Recently, there has been a line of evidence suggesting that biologics such as infliximab and adalimumab are effective in treating intestinal BD. Moreover, new biologics targeting proteins other than tumor necrosis factor α are emerging and are under active investigation. Therefore, in this paper, we review the current therapeutic strategies and new clinical data for the treatment of intestinal BD.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29207867/

Scientific corner

Inflammatory bowel disease patients experiencing a loss of response to infliximab regain long-term response after undergoing granulocyte/monocyte apheresis: A case series.

Yoko Yokoyama 1Koji Kamikozuru 2Kenji Watanabe 2Shiro Nakamura 2 , Cytokine. 2018 Mar;103:25-28.

To our best knowledge, this is the first report of adding a non-drug GMA to restore the efficacy of infliximab. The outcomes, albeit in three cases, are relevant in therapeutic settings and should inspire further studies in a larger number of patients.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29291447/

Scientific corner

Combination Therapy of Infliximab and Granulocyte/Monocyte Adsorption Apheresis for Refractory Pustular Psoriasis with Psoriatic Arthritis

Scientific corner

Selective depletion of peripheral granulocyte/monocyte enhances the efficacy of scheduled maintenance infliximab in Crohn’s disease

Ken Fukunaga,Yoko Yokoyama,Koji Kamikozuru,Koji Yoshida,Risa Kikuyama,Kazuko Nagase,Shiro Nakamura,Yoshiyuki Takei,Hiroto Miwa,Takayuki Matsumoto

J. Clin. Apheresis, 2010;25(4):226-8. doi: 10.1002/jca.20242.

Background: This is the first report on a case of Crohn’s disease (CD), who was successfully maintained with a combination of infliximab (IFX) and selective depletion of granulocytes/monocytes by adsorption (GMA). Case: A 33-year-old female with CD activity index (CDAI) 294.2 responded to iv IFX (5mg/kg) administered at weeks 0, 2, and 6 in combination with 3000 mg/day oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA; CDAI = 118). Then IFX at 8 week intervals was given as maintenance therapy. Two weeks before the 5th scheduled IFX, the patient worsened with an increase in stool frequency and a rise in CDAI. GMA was administered at weeks 5, 6, and 7 after her 6th iv IFX. Her CDAI decreased from 166.2 to 126.3 and 111.9 before 2nd and 3rd GMA sessions. She received her 7th iv IFX while the CDAI was 83.6. GMA course was repeated before 8th and 9th IFX. The patient remained in stable clinical and endoscopic remission without experiencing any serious side effect. After achieving mucosal healing, the patient decided to cease IFX therapy while continuing with GMA. Conclusions: IFX appears to induce and maintain remission of CD, but it may lose its efficacy after repeated administration. GMA is safe and by selectively depleting elevated/activated leukocytes may be a useful adjunct for IFX efficacy.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20544712/

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jca.20242

Scientific corner

Selective depletion of peripheral granulocyte/monocyte enhances the efficacy of scheduled maintenance infliximab in Crohn’s disease

Ken Fukunaga 1Yoko YokoyamaKoji KamikozuruKoji YoshidaRisa KikuyamaKazuko NagaseShiro NakamuraYoshiyuki TakeiHiroto MiwaTakayuki Matsumoto, J Clin Apher. 2010;25(4):226-8.

IFX appears to induce and maintain remission of CD, but it may lose its efficacy after repeated administration. GMA is safe and by selectively depleting elevated/activated leukocytes may be a useful adjunct for IFX efficacy.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20544712/

Scientific corner

Leukocytapheresis in a girl with severe ulcerative colitis refractory to corticosteroids, infliximab, and cyclosporine A

Katalin DittrichMarkus RichterWolfgang RascherHenrik Köhler Inflamm Bowel Dis 2008 Oct;14(10):1466-7. doi: 10.1002/ibd.20464.

Although medical therapy remains the first-line treatment for UC, colectomy may be required for patients with severe medically refractory disease. Leukocytapheresis (LCAP) has been reported as a new line of therapy in
patients with UC. Only 2 pediatric case series, not including patients on immunosuppressive therapy or biologicals, treated with granulocytapheresis have been reported. The patient reported by us is the youngest to the best of our knowledge in which this LCAP technique was used . She had severe colitis refractory to corticosteroids, infliximab and yclosporine A. We were able to avoid colectomy and the procedure was well tolerated.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18421764/

Contact UsFor more information

Contact Us