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A multicenter study of the efficacy and safety of leukocytapheresis therapy without concomitant systemic steroid treatment in patients with active ulcerative colitis

Toshifumi Ashida 1Yutaka KohgoAkihiro MunakataMitsunori NoguchiBunei IizukaYutaka EndoHiroyuki HanaiToshikazu YoshikawaTakayuki MatsumotoNobuo AoyamaToshiyuki MatsuiKeiichi MitsuyamaToshifumi Hibi

Transfus Apher Sci 2011 Apr;44(2):113-7. doi: 10.1016/j.transci.2011.01.001.

We conducted a multicenter study to investigate the efficacy of leukocytapheresis (LCAP) without concomitant steroid therapy in active ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. Twenty patients were enrolled. LCAP was performed twice a week for 3 weeks. The results revealed a significant decrease of the Lichtiger’s clinical activity index (CAI) from 11.7±2.6 at baseline to 6.6±4.1 after the therapy. The endoscopic index and serum C-reactive protein levels also decreased significantly after the therapy. Of the 20 patients, 15 (75%) were assessed as responders (CAI≤4 or ΔCAI≥3), and 7 (35%) achieved complete remission (CAI≤4). No serious adverse reactions were encountered. The results suggest that LCAP is an effective and safe option for patients with active UC who had not received systemic steroid treatment.

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Efficacy of Granulocyte Apheresis in Pediatric Patients With Ulcerative Colitis: A Pilot Study

Ikeda, Hitoshi; Ishimaru, Yuki; Takayasu, Hajime; Fujino, Junko; Kisaki, Yoshiyuki; Otani, Yushi; Yamagishi, Junko; Tahara, Kazunori. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2006; 43:592-6. doi: 10.1097/01.mpg.0000237928.07729.79

Objectives: Granulocyte apheresis (GCAP), involving the removal of granulocytes from the blood, may improve clinical symptoms and facilitate a reduction in the dose of steroids in adult patients with ulcerative colitis. As a preliminary trial, GCAP was used to taper the dose of steroids in 4 pediatric patients with ulcerative colitis. Methods: Three males and 1 female ranging from 11 to 17 years old were treated with GCAP once per week for 5 consecutive weeks/course. The ages of patients at clinical onset ranged from 8 to 12 years and the length of time from the clinical onset to GCAP treatment ranged from 28 to 58 months (median, 38.5 months). Results: In 2 patients, symptoms and signs indicating disease activity improved after 2 courses of GCAP. Laboratory data and endoscopic findings also improved after treatment and the clinical efficacy was judged to be excellent in these patients. In 1 patient, GCAP improved laboratory and endoscopic hallmarks, but bloody stools persisted. Finally, the treatment was ineffective in the fourth patient who eventually underwent surgery. Conclusions: GCAP is effective in improving clinical symptoms and may play an important role in converting steroid therapy to other treatments in children with steroid-refractory or steroid-dependent ulcerative colitis.

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Leukocytapheresis in Patients with Moderate-Severe Steroid-Dependant Ulcerative Colitis: Clinical Response without Endoscopic Response

Irene Modesto, Daniela Scimeca, Ambrogio Orlando, Mario Cottone, Inflamm Bowel Dis 12 (10), October 2006

We report the results of an open prospective study of LCAP in moderate to severe steroid-dependent UC. LCAP is an effective procedure in obtaining discontinuation of steroids in 36% of patients with UC for at least 3 months. Overall 4 of 11(36%) patients could discontinue steroids within 3 months. No relevant side effects were observed. The procedure was well tolerated. In our series, there was no endoscopic response. Most of the patients obtained a clinical temporary response, but many relapsed

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