Nobuhiro Ueno, Yuya Sugiyama, Yu Kobayashi, Yuki Murakami et al DOI: https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-154609/v1
Fecal Calprotectin is a Useful Biomarker for Predicting the Clinical Outcome of Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis in Ulcerative Colitis Patients: A Prospective Observation Study
In summary, we demonstrated the utility of FC as a biomarker for assessing ER after GMA and predicting CR at the early phase during GMA in patients with active UC. Assessing the baseline characteristics alone before GMA was not sufficient to predict CR. Our findings will benefit patients with active UC by allowing them to avoid undergoing unnecessary invasive procedures and will help establish new GMA therapeutic strategies.
Exploratory Study of the Effectiveness of Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis Before Initiation of Steroids in Patients With Active Ulcerative Colitis (EXPECT Study): A Multicenter Prospective Clinical Trial
Kazuki Kakimoto 1, Minoru Matsuura 2, Takumi Fukuchi 3, Hitoshi Hongo 4, Tsuguhiro Kimura 4, Nobuo Aoyama 5, Yorihide Okuda 6, Kazuki Aomatsu 7, Noriko Kamata 8, Yoko Yokoyama 9, Chiemi Mizuno 10, Takuya Inoue 1, Takako Miyazaki 1, Shiro Nakamura 1, Kazuhide Higuchi 1, Hiroshi Nakase 11 , Crohns Colitis 360. 2020 Sep 23;2(4):otaa073.
GMA shows effectiveness in inducing remission in UC patients not receiving steroid.
Factors associated with the outcomes in ulcerative colitis patients undergoing granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis as remission induction therapy: A multicenter cohort study
GMA was an effective treatment for corticosteroid-naïve patients and the efficacy sustained longer in those not receiving immunomodulators during GMA. GMA fulfills the notion that apheresis is to induce disease remission by removing from the body factors known to perpetuate disease. In therapeutic settings, these findings should help better decision making and avoid futile use of medical resources.
Adsorptive Depletion of Myeloid Lineage Leucocytes as Remission Induction Therapy in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis after Failure of First-Line Medications: Results from a Three-Year Real World, Clinical Practice
Corticosteroid-naïve patients appeared to benefit the most from the Adacolumn GMA, and attain a favourable long-term clinical course. Accordingly, GMA should be a first-line therapy in this clinical setting.
Efficacy of granulocyte and monocyte apheresis for antibiotic-refractory pouchitis after proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis: an open-label, prospective, multicentre study
GMA has a good safety profile, but its efficacy appears to be limited in the management of chronic refractory pouchitis. However, a large controlled study should be conducted to evaluate the efficacy of GMA therapy in patients with pouchitis at an earlier clinical stage, before the disease has become refractory to conventional medical therapy.
Granulocyte-Monocyte Apheresis in Steroid-Dependent, Azathioprine-Intolerant/Resistant Moderate Ulcerative Colitis: A Prospective Multicenter Study.
Our study shows that a standard course of granulocyte-monocyte apheresis is associated with a 36% steroid-free clinical remission in patients with steroid-dependent, azathioprine-intolerant or resistant moderate ulcerative colitis. Apheresis might represent an alternative to biologic therapy or surgery in this specific subgroup of patients
Adsorptive Granulocyte and Monocyte Apheresis in the Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis: The First Multicenter Study in China.
The overall efficacy of GMA in patients with active UC who were taking first-line medications or were corticosteroid refractory was encouraging. Additionally, GMA was well tolerated and had a good safety profile.
Retrospective Single Center Study of Granulocyte Monocyte Adsorption Apheresis Treatment in Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
Most frequently reported was headache (N = 4). GMA seems to be a valuable adjuvant treatment regime in the care of patients with refractory IBD.
An open-label prospective randomized multicenter study of intensive versus weekly granulocyte and monocyte apheresis in active crohn’s disease.
Atsushi Sakuraba 1, Satoshi Motoya, Kenji Watanabe, Masakazu Nishishita, Kazunari Kanke, Toshiyuki Matsui, Yasuo Suzuki, Tadayuki Oshima, Reiko Kunisaki, Takayuki Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Hanai, Ken Fukunaga, Naoki Yoshimura, Toshimi Chiba, Shinsuke Funakoshi, Nobuo Aoyama, Akira Andoh, Hiroshi Nakase, Yohei Mizuta, Ryoichi Suzuki, Taiji Akamatsu, Masahiro Iizuka, Toshifumi Ashida, Toshifumi Hibi, Am J Gastroenterol. 2009 Dec;104(12):2990-5.
Intensive GMA in patients with active UC seems to be more efficacious than weekly treatment, and significantly reduced the patients’ morbidity time without increasing the incidence of side effects.
A randomised, double-blind, sham-controlled study of granulocyte/monocyte apheresis for moderate to severe Crohn’s disease.
GMA was well tolerated, but this study did not demonstrate its effectiveness over a sham procedure in inducing clinical remission or response in patients with moderate to severe CD.
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