Scientific corner

Granulocyte and monocyte/macrophage apheresis for the treatment of immune-mediated inflammatory arthropathies: case reports

Carro Martínez AV, Montolio Chiva L, Robustillo Villarino M. Drugs Context. 2021;10:2021-8-5. https://doi.org/10.7573/dic.2021-8-5

Drug therapy of immune-mediated inflammatory arthropathies is not always satisfactory, and there is a risk of adverse events. Granulocyte and monocyte/macrophage apheresis (GMA) is a non-pharmacological therapeutic option that is beneficial and very well tolerated. GMA involves passing blood through a column with cellulose acetate beads to remove increased and activated myeloid lineage cells and improve the cytokine profile. The technique reduces pain and inflammation. We present four clinical reports that illustrate the clinical uses of GMA with the medical device Adacolumn® in patients with different backgrounds and immune-mediated inflammatory arthritis. The results were positive, and no adverse events were reported..

dic.2021-8-5.pdf (drugsincontext.com)

Scientific corner

Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorption Apheresis for Refractory Skin Diseases due to Activated Neutrophils, Psoriasis, and Associated Arthropathy.

Masanao Sakanoue 1Koichiro TakedaKazuhiro KawaiTakuro Kanekura, Ther Apher Dial. 2013 Oct;17(5):477-83.

Granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis (GMA), an extracorporeal apheresis instrument whose column contains cellulose acetate (CA) beads, is designed to remove activated granulocytes and monocytes. We previously demonstrated that GMA was useful for treating neutrophilic dermatoses and associated arthropathy as it adsorbs Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18)-expressing neutrophils to the CA beads by the binding of complement component (iC3b) and CD11b expressed on activated neutrophils. The objective of this study is to further assess the clinical effectiveness of GMA in the treatment of neutrophilic dermatoses and associated arthropathy. The effect of GMA for skin lesions and joint lesions was assessed in 44 and 23 patients, respectively. Mac-1 expression on peripheral neutrophils was measured by flow cytometry. Skin lesions and arthropathy improved in 39 of 44 patients (88.6%) and 22 of 23 (95.6%), respectively. Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) expression on the peripheral neutrophils, 27.1 ± 6.66 MFI (mean fluorescence intensity) before treatment, was reduced to 17.9 ± 3.02 MFI by GMA (P < 0.05). Clinical effectiveness of GMA for the treatment of intractable neutrophilic dermatoses and associated arthropathy was further confirmed.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24107275/

Scientific corner

Granulocyte apheresis for pouchitis with arthritis and pyoderma gangrenosum after restorative proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis: a case report

Scientific corner

Anti-inflammatory effect of granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis in a rabbit model of immune arthritis

Nobuhito Kashiwagi 1Minoru NakanoAbby R SaniabadiMasakazu AdachiToshikazu Yoshikawa

Inflammation 2002 Aug;26(4):199-205. doi: 10.1023/a:1016523914161.

In active rheumatoid arthritis, large numbers of granulocytes and macrophages are found in the inflamed joints. These leucocytes can promote inflammation and tissue injury by releasing inflammatory cytokines, proteinases and oxygen derivatives. To see if granulocyte and monocyte (GM) depletion produces anti-inflammatory effect, GM adsorption apheresis was performed in rabbits with immune arthritis by using a column (Adacolumn) filled with cellulose diacetate beads (G-1 beads) as adsorptive carriers which selectively adsorb CD11b positive GMs. Injection of ovalbumin into the knee joints of ovalbumin-sensitized rabbits caused a marked increase in peripheral blood leucocytes, joint swelling, increased granulocyte adhesion to G-1 beads and elevated TNF-alpha production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). When rabbits received a 60 min adsorption apheresis, there was suppression of CD11b positive leucocyte infiltration into the joint and reduced joint swelling (P < 0.01) compared with controls. Additionally, there was a significant (p < 0.01) suppression of TNF-alpha production by PBMC in the post column blood. These results suggest that GM depletion may serve as a non-pharmacological strategy to modify inflammatory disorders.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12184634/

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